Park 2009 is
fast approaching on 22nd – 26th July
RHS Tatton Park Flower and Garden Show Exhibitors -
Plants - Annual Bedding Plants
Botanically, an annual plant is a plant that usually germinates, flowers
dies in one year.
True annuals will only live longer than a year if they are
prevented from setting seed. Some seedless plants can also be considered annuals
even though they do not flower.
In gardening, annual often refers to a plant grown outdoors in the spring
and summer and surviving just for one growing season. Many food plants are, or
are grown as, annuals, including most domesticated grains. Some perennials and
biennials are grown in gardens as annuals for convenience, particularly if they
are not considered cold hardy for the local climate. Carrot, celery and parsley
are true biennials that are usually grown as annual crops for their edible roots,
petioles and leaves, respectively. Tomato, sweet potato and bell pepper are tender
perennials usually grown as annuals.
Ornamental annualer perennials commonly grown as annuals are impatiens, wax
begonia, snapdragon, Pelargonium, coleus and petunia. Some biennials that can
be grown as annuals are pansy and hollyhock.
One seed-to-seed life cycle for an annual can occur in as little as a month
in some species, though most last several months. Oilseed rapa can go from seed-to-seed
in about five weeks under a bank of fluorescent lamps in a school classroom.
Many desert annuals are termed ephemerals because their seed-to-seed life cycle
is only a few weeks. They spend most of the year as seeds to survive dry conditions.
Examples of true annuals include corn, lettuce, pea, cauliflower, watermelon,
bean, zinnia and (African) marigolds.